As information and communications technologies (ICTs) have become more widespread they have, certainly in more developed nations, become “invisible”; we don't see them because we just accept they are there – often we only understand their significance to our lives when they break down. When only a few people had these gadgets they were novel, but as they became more common, and were eventually assimilated to become part of our modern culture, they became transparent; they're just another part of our everyday life.
L’Observatoire mondial de la société de l’information de 2010 analyse l'impact positif et négatif des technologies de l'information et des communications (TIC) sur l'environnement. Rédigé du point de vue de la société civile, l’OMSI de 2010 explore, dans sept rapports thématiques d'experts, les enjeux clés des TIC et de la durabilité de l'environnement, en réponse au changement climatique et aux déchets électroniques, dans 50 pays et six régions.
The future of electricity: Diverse, connected, clever
In 2008, South Africans learnt a new term: “load shedding”.
Unlike the 2003 “Northeast Blackout” which affected 50 million people in the United States and Canada (or even larger blackouts in Italy, also in 2003, Indonesia in 2005 and Brazil in 2009), load shedding is the planned and scheduled interruption of electricity supply to specific areas or industries in order to make up for a shortfall in generation capacity.
Centre for Development Informatics, University of Manchester
Climate change is likely to exacerbate the poverty and marginalisation of developing country populations. Yet those same populations increasingly have access to information and communications technologies (ICTs). How can we characterise the research work done so far linking ICTs, climate change and development, and what should be the future research priorities?
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
The concept of sustainable development has been elaborated and refined in the years since the Brundtland Report on environment and development, which defined sustainable development as “development that meets needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”1 Although there is no single definition of sustainable development, there is general agreement on certain fundamental principles: