APC (Association for Progressive Communications) (2005).  APC's Recommendations to the WSIS on Internet Governance, November 2005 [online]. Available from: <>.

APC (2006). APC's Internet Rights Charter [online]. Available from: <>.

Arndt, C., Oman, C. (2006). Uses and Abuses of Governance Indicators. (n.p.): OECD.

Bender, G. (2006).  Peculiarities and Relevance of Non-Research-Intensive Industries in the Knowledge-Based Economy [online]. Available from: <>.

Esselaar, S., Stork, C., Ndiwalana, A., Deen-Swarray, M. (2006).  ICT usage and its impact on profitability of SMEs in 13 African CountriesInternational Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development (ICTD2006). 25-26 May 2006, Berkeley.

George, S. (2004). Another world is possible if… . London/New York: Verso.

Gillwald, A. (2005).  Towards an African e-Index: Household and Individual ICT Access and Usage across to African Countries [online]. Available from: <>.

Girardi, R., Sajeva, M. (2004).  EU New Economy Policy Indicators Quality Management Report 2.0 [online]. Available from: <>.

Goswami, D. (2006).  A Review of the Network Readiness Index. World Dialogue on Regulation for Network Economies (WDR) [online]. Available from: <>.

Gual, J., Trillas, F. (2006). “Telecommunications Policies: Measurement and Determinants”.  Review of Network Economics [online], 5, (2), pp 249-272. Available from: <>.

Huyer, S., Hafkin, N., Ertl, H., and H. Dryburgh (2003). “Women in the information society”. In Sciadas, G. (Ed).  From the Digital Divide to Digital Opportunities: Measuring Infostates for Development, pp. 135-196. Québec: Claude-Yves Charron. Available from: <>.

ITU (International Telecommunication Union) (2005).  Measuring ICT: The Global Status of ICT Indicators [online]. Available from: <>.

ITU (2006a). World Information Society Report 2006 [online]. Geneva: ITU. Available from: <>.

ITU (2006b) . World Telecommunication/ICT Development Report 2006: Measuring ICT for Social and Economic Development [online]. Geneva: ITU. Available from: <>.

Kauffman, R.J., Kumar, A. (2005).  A Crtical Assessment of the Capabilities of Five Measures for ICT Development [online]. Available from: <>.

Lee, R. W., Wack, P., Jud, E. (2003). “The Development of Indicators of Sustainability”,  Toward Sustainable Transportation Indicators for California [online], pp. 17-29. San José: Mineta Transportation Institute. Available from: <>.

Milne, C. (2006).  Telecoms demand: measures for improving affordability in developing countries. A toolkit for action. Main Report [online]. (n.p.): World Dialogue on Regulation for Network Economies. Available from: 

Minges, M. (2005). Evaluation of e-Readiness Indices in Latin America and the Caribbean [online]. Santiago: ECLAC. Available from: <>.

Mottin-Sylla, M.H. (2005). The Gender Digital Divide in Francophone Africa: A Harsh Reality [online]. (n.p.): ENDA. Available from: <>

NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration) (1999).  Falling Through the Net: Defining the digital divide. Washington: NTIA.

OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development) (1998).  Human Capital Investment: An International Comparison [online]. (n.p.): OECD. Available from:

OECD (2005). “Guide to Measuring the Information Society”.  Working Party on Indicators for the Information Society [online](n.p.): OECD. Available from: <>.

Pogge, T., Reddy, S.G. (2006).  Unknown: The Extent, Distribution and Trend of Global Income Poverty [online]. Available from: <>.

Sajeva, M. (2005 ). A methodology for Quality Assurance of Knowledge Economy Statistical Indicators. The communication of risks and uncertainties for a continuous improvement [online]. Available from: 

Sciadas, G. (2003).  From the Digital Divide to Digital Opportunities: Measuring Infostates for Development [online]. Qu bec: Claude-Yves Charron. Available from: <>.

Technopolis (2003). Benchmarking Telecommunication and Access in the Information Society [online]. Available from:

Torero, M., von Braun, J. (2005).  ICTs. Information and Communication Technologies for the Poor [online]. Available from: <>.

UN (United Nations) (2005a). Global E-Government Readiness Report 2005 [online]New York, USA: UN. Available from: 

UNCTAD (UN Conference on Trade and Development) (2006).  The Digital Divide Report: ICT Diffusion Index 2005. New York/Geneva: United Nations. Available from: 

UNDP/UNIFEM (United Nations Development Programme/United Nations Development Fund for Women) (2004).  Bridging the Gender Digital Divide. A Report on Gender in ICT in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States [online]. Bratislava: UNDP/UNIFEM. Available from: <>.

WB (World Bank) (2005).  Financing Information and Communication Infrastructure Needs in the Developing World: Public and Private Roles [online]. Available from: <>.